Transhumanismus

Coursera co-founder, Andrew Ng, quits Baidu to launch AI startup

Home AI - 49 min 54 sek zpět

Coursera co-founder, Andrew Ng, quits Baidu to launch AI startup

… which are used by search engines to find content; the keywords are: AI, andrew ng, artificial intelligence, deep learning, and machine learning.

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Google to stop scanning personal Gmail accounts for ad targeting

Home AI - 52 min 2 sek zpět

Google to stop scanning personal Gmail accounts for ad targeting

In its report on Google’s decision, Variety reporter, Janko Roettgers, pointed out Google’s Smart reply feature uses machine learning to figure out the …

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Juniper Research projects retailers could lose $71B in card-not-present fraud

Home AI - 53 min 48 sek zpět

Juniper Research projects retailers could lose $71B in card-not-present fraud

Juniper specifically cited machine learning as a key tool in identifying genuine users, while the shift to mobile eCommerce would rely on 3DS 2.0 and …

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Smart algorithm automatically adjusts exoskeletons for best walking performance

Kurzweil AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 22:38
Researchers at the College of Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) have developed a new automated feedback system for personalizing exoskeletons to achieve optimal performance. Exoskeletons can be used to augment human abilities. For example, they can provide more endurance while walking, help lift a heavy load, improve athletic performance, and help a stroke patient [...]
Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Pinterest Pushing Lens To Gain Search Ad Share

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 22:23

Pinterest Pushing Lens To Gain Search Ad Share

Rather than assigning related keywords to an advertisement, Pinterest’s machine learning technology will do the work of getting necessary information …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

The Amazon-Whole Foods deal is less about stores and more about data, says data scientist

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 21:25

The Amazon-Whole Foods deal is less about stores and more about data, says data scientist

The company is also using machine learning to improve logistics. “We’re rapidly experimenting with computer vision for different types of applications, …

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Tech Council Including Apple, Amazon, Google Execs Visits White House Today

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 21:23

Tech Council Including Apple, Amazon, Google Execs Visits White House Today

The White House is also interested in using new technologies like big data and machine learning to tackle issues like illegal immigration and federal …

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Superior Portfolio ROI With Artificially Intelligent Algorithms

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 20:23

Superior Portfolio ROI With Artificially Intelligent Algorithms

Machine learning hedge investment funds have achieved almost double if not triple the returns of their traditional investment funds counterparts!

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

The rising wave of brain research

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 19:48

The rising wave of brain research

In a country where suicide among young women rivals maternal disorders as the leading cause of death, the importance of neuroscience research, …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

McAuliffe to share in driver-alert tech success

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 19:23

McAuliffe to share in driver-alert tech success

SeeingMachines, which is listed on London’s Aim market, employs 180 people full-time, including many engineers and machine learning specialists.

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Breast Cancer Prediction using Machine Learning

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 18:40

Breast Cancer Prediction using Machine Learning

Features are computed from a digitized image of a fine needle aspirate (FNA) of a breast mass. They describe characteristics of the cell nuclei present …

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Breast Cancer Prediction using Machine Learning

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 18:38

Breast Cancer Prediction using Machine Learning

last run an hour ago · Python notebook · 18 views using data from Breast Cancer Wisconsin (Diagnostic) Data Set ·. Public.

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

6 Things Quantum Computers Will Be Incredibly Useful For

Singularity HUB - 25 Červen, 2017 - 17:00

Computers don’t exist in a vacuum. They serve to solve problems, and the type of problems they can solve are influenced by their hardware. Graphics processors are specialized for rendering images; artificial intelligence processors for AI; and quantum computers designed for…what?

While the power of quantum computing is impressive, it does not mean that existing software simply runs a billion times faster. Rather, quantum computers have certain types of problems which they are good at solving, and those which they aren’t. Below are some of the primary applications we should expect to see as this next generation of computers becomes commercially available.

Artificial Intelligence

A primary application for quantum computing is artificial intelligence (AI). AI is based on the principle of learning from experience, becoming more accurate as feedback is given, until the computer program appears to exhibit “intelligence.”

This feedback is based on calculating the probabilities for many possible choices, and so AI is an ideal candidate for quantum computation. It promises to disrupt every industry, from automotives to medicine, and it’s been said AI will be to the twenty-first century what electricity was to the twentieth.

For example, Lockheed Martin plans to use its D-Wave quantum computer to test autopilot software that is currently too complex for classical computers, and Google is using a quantum computer to design software that can distinguish cars from landmarks. We have already reached the point where AI is creating more AI, and so its importance will rapidly escalate.

Molecular Modeling

Another example is precision modeling of molecular interactions, finding the optimum configurations for chemical reactions. Such “quantum chemistry” is so complex that only the simplest molecules can be analyzed by today’s digital computers.

Chemical reactions are quantum in nature as they form highly entangled quantum superposition states. But fully-developed quantum computers would not have any difficulty evaluating even the most complex processes.

Google has already made forays in this field by simulating the energy of hydrogen molecules. The implication of this is more efficient products, from solar cells to pharmaceutical drugs, and especially fertilizer production; since fertilizer accounts for 2 percent of global energy usage, the consequences for energy and the environment would be profound.

Cryptography

Most online security currently depends on the difficulty of factoring large numbers into primes. While this can presently be accomplished by using digital computers to search through every possible factor, the immense time required makes “cracking the code” expensive and impractical.

Quantum computers can perform such factoring exponentially more efficiently than digital computers, meaning such security methods will soon become obsolete. New cryptography methods are being developed, though it may take time: in August 2015 the NSA began introducing a list of quantum-resistant cryptography methods that would resist quantum computers, and in April 2016 the National Institute of Standards and Technology began a public evaluation process lasting four to six years.

There are also promising quantum encryption methods being developed using the one-way nature of quantum entanglement. City-wide networks have already been demonstrated in several countries, and Chinese scientists recently announced they successfully sent entangled photons from an orbiting “quantum” satellite to three separate base stations back on Earth.

Financial Modeling

Modern markets are some of the most complicated systems in existence. While we have developed increasingly scientific and mathematical tools to address this, it still suffers from one major difference between other scientific fields: there’s no controlled setting in which to run experiments.

To solve this, investors and analysts have turned to quantum computing. One immediate advantage is that the randomness inherent to quantum computers is congruent to the stochastic nature of financial markets. Investors often wish to evaluate the distribution of outcomes under an extremely large number of scenarios generated at random.

Another advantage quantum offers is that financial operations such as arbitrage may require many path-dependent steps, the number of possibilities quickly outpacing the capacity of a digital computer.

Weather Forecasting

NOAA Chief Economist Rodney F. Weiher claims (PowerPoint file) that nearly 30 percent of the US GDP ($6 trillion) is directly or indirectly affected by weather, impacting food production, transportation, and retail trade, among others. The ability to better predict the weather would have enormous benefit to many fields, not to mention more time to take cover from disasters.

While this has long been a goal of scientists, the equations governing such processes contain many, many variables, making classical simulation lengthy. As quantum researcher Seth Lloyd pointed out, “Using a classical computer to perform such analysis might take longer than it takes the actual weather to evolve!” This motivated Lloyd and colleagues at MIT to show that the equations governing the weather possess a hidden wave nature which are amenable to solution by a quantum computer.

Director of engineering at Google Hartmut Neven also noted that quantum computers could help build better climate models that could give us more insight into how humans are influencing the environment. These models are what we build our estimates of future warming on, and help us determine what steps need to be taken now to prevent disasters.

The United Kingdom’s national weather service Met Office has already begun investing in such innovation to meet the power and scalability demands they’ll be facing in the 2020-plus timeframe, and released a report on its own requirements for exascale computing.

Particle Physics

Coming full circle, a final application of this exciting new physics might be… studying exciting new physics. Models of particle physics are often extraordinarily complex, confounding pen-and-paper solutions and requiring vast amounts of computing time for numerical simulation. This makes them ideal for quantum computation, and researchers have already been taking advantage of this.

Researchers at the University of Innsbruck and the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (IQOQI) recently used a programmable quantum system to perform such a simulation. Published in Nature, the team used a simple version of quantum computer in which ions performed logical operations, the basic steps in any computer calculation. This simulation showed excellent agreement compared to actual experiments of the physics described.

“These two approaches complement one another perfectly,” says theoretical physicist Peter Zoller. “We cannot replace the experiments that are done with particle colliders. However, by developing quantum simulators, we may be able to understand these experiments better one day.”

Investors are now scrambling to insert themselves into the quantum computing ecosystem, and it’s not just the computer industry: banks, aerospace companies, and cybersecurity firms are among those taking advantage of the computational revolution.

While quantum computing is already impacting the fields listed above, the list is by no means exhaustive, and that’s the most exciting part. As with all new technology, presently unimaginable applications will be developed as the hardware continues to evolve and create new opportunities.

Image Credit: IQOQI Innsbruck/Harald Ritsch

Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Phone scams cost billions. Why isn't technology being used to stop them?

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 16:28

Phone scams cost billions. Why isn't technology being used to stop them?

Spam filters are increasingly using machine learning techniques to get better at identifying the wide range of scams that can arrive in inboxes. This is …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

In 10 Years, Your iPhone Won't Be a Phone Anymore

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 16:24

In 10 Years, Your iPhone Won't Be a Phone Anymore

… make acquisitions in artificial intelligence — Lattice Data, Turi and Perceptio among them, all of which specialize in some form of machine learning.

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Why narcissistic bosses are the biggest threat to this robot revolution

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 15:26

Why narcissistic bosses are the biggest threat to this robot revolution

Dan Wagner, Barack Obama’s chief analytics officer during the former president’s 2012 campaign, used data and machine learning to score every US …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Israel getting better grip on online incitement, justice minister says

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 15:24

Israel getting better grip on online incitement, justice minister says

These include devoting more resources to machine learning capabilities that will flag posts for review; increasing the number of employees devoted to …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Cities And Automation 2.0

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 15:23

Cities And Automation 2.0

Rapid advances in artificial intelligence and machine learning are making it much easier to imagine future applications of new technology. Yes …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Modern pain neuroscience in clinical practice: applied to post-cancer, paediatric and sports-related …

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 14:49

Modern pain neuroscience in clinical practice: applied to post-cancer, paediatric and sports-related …

These and other aspects of modern pain neuroscience are starting to be applied within daily clinical practice. However, currently the application of this …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Scitech | Quebec researchers unite at inter-school Neurosymposium

Home AI - 25 Červen, 2017 - 14:48

Scitech | Quebec researchers unite at inter-school Neurosymposium

The event’s keynote speaker was Dr. Rita Goldstein, a professor of Psychiatry and Neuroscience at Icahn School of Medicine in New York City.

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